Telemarketers, surveys, debt collectors, and more. While some legitimate telemarketers use real numbers, many spoof their phone numbers making them tough to catch without voice intelligence.
Scammers often pose as IRS agents, bankers or Healthcare Marketplace reps. These calls almost always use a spoofed calling number designed to trick the victim.
Phishing schemes attempt to gather personal information from the victim or to trick the victim into saying something that can be recorded and used later for fraudulent purposes.
By spoofing to a known number, such as a local police department, it is more likely that a bomb threat call will be answered, and operations will come to a halt.
A spoofed 911 call can literally send a police SWAT team to the home of an innocent bystander. Why? Either to retaliate against an uncooperative scam victim, or to distract law enforcement from criminal activity elsewhere.
Some voicemail systems only require you to access the inbox from a specific phone number. By spoofing to an authorized number, scammers can access private mailboxes without the victim ever knowing.
Account Takeover (ATO)
In this form of financial fraud the attacker calls a financial contact center and attempts to take over legitimate users' accounts for the purpose of extracting funds. Spoofing to the victim's home phone number is one way to appear more legitimate.